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Personnels du laboratoire
Personnels du laboratoire

M. MAGNIN Jean-Pierre

CNRS Researcher from 1st October 1989

Coordonnées

Laboratory of Electrochemistry and Physico-chemistry of Materials and Interfaces 1130 rue de la piscine, BP 75 38402 St Martin d'Hères, France

  • Fax : 33 4 76 82 65 77

Site internet : http://

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My‭ ‬actual‭ ‬research field is situated in the‭ ‬bioelectrochemical engineering and more particularly in the biological production of hydrogen,‭ ‬an energetic vector used as principal combustible in fuel cell.
The studied bio-processes produce hydrogen by process from organic‭ acids ‬found either in industrial effluents or issued from a previous dark biofermentation process or by chemical transformation of biomasses‭‬.‭
The studied biological organism‭ ‬principally‭ ‬concerns the non pathogenous anaerobic photosynthetic bacterium,‭ ‬Rhodobacter capsulatus‭ ‬in reason of various advantages‭ ‬(light spectra use of 68.5%‭) ‬degradation of‭ ‬great range of carbonated substrates‭ (‬lactate,‭ ‬acetate,‭ ‬.....‭)‬,‭ ‬one of the greater productivity‭ (‬130‭ ‬ml H2/h/g bacterial dry weight in batch culture and‭ ‬320‭ ‬ml H2/h/g bacterial dry weight in‭ ‬continuous culture‭)‬.
Under photosynthetic conditions,‭ ‬the produced hydrogen purity reached‭ ‬85-95%,‭ ‬with a substrate conversion of‭ ‬50-95%.‭ ‬The hydrogen can be directly converted,‭ ‬without a purification step,‭ ‬in electricity inside a fuel cell‭ (‬PEMFC or SOFC‭ ‬noted B see above)‬.


Indirect Biofuel Cell associating H2 photobioproduction (R. capsulaltus, A) and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (noted B).l

Different carbon substrates can be used by‭ ‬Rhodobacter capsulatus:‭ ‬cheese industry waste,‭ ‬potato industry,‭ ‬cane sugar industry,‭ ‬....‭ ‬and all type of industry which products carbonated waste rich either in lactate,‭ ‬acetate,‭ ‬....compounds.
The methodology of DOE‭ (‬design of experiments‭) ‬is regularly and successfully applied‭ ‬in the laboratory using‭ ‬the‭ ‬two photosynthetic‭ ‬lab-made chambers‭ (‬45‭ ‬experiments‭ ‬tested‭ ‬in parallel‭) ‬or during international collaborations‭ (‬ethylen bioproduction,‭ ‬H2 bioproduction from whey ....)‬.

Activités / CV

EDUCATION
* Ph.D. degree, Cellular and Molecular Biology, 24 November 1987, University Grenoble 1, France.
* Post Doc  CREMGP (Research Center in Mineral Electrochemistry and Chemical Enginnering), Grenoble Institut of Technology, France 10/01/1987-10/01/1989.
* National University of Columbia (UNAL Bogota) 10/2009-02/2012.

COMPETENCE FIELDS
* Hydrogen production by photosynthetic bacteria (Rhodobacter capsulatus, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, R. rubrum, R. palustris)
* Design of Experiment (DOE) methodology
* Bioelectrochemistry:

 * indirect biofuel cell: coupling hydrogen photoproduction and fuel cell (PEMFC, SOFC).
*  biosensors (CrVI, S2O32-, Fe2+) with an amperometric sensor based on A. ferrooxidans.
        * bioelectrochemical process for the culture of A. ferrooxidans.Degradation of biomasses by ultrasonic / nanoparticles processes
* Biodegradation of HAP (phenantrene) by Mycobacterium.
* Metallic biosorption on microbial biomass type Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans.


COLLABORATIONS
‭* Isabelle Billard and Nicolas Papaiconomou, LEPMI, Grenoble, France
* ‬John C.‭ ‬Willison‭ (‬Biochimistry,‭ ‬Genetics‭)‬ :‭ ‬iRSTV-LBCM‭ ‬/‭ ‬CEA Grenoble,‭ ‬France
‭* ‬Yannick Combet-Blanc,‭ ‬Richard Auria‭ (‬Hyperthermophilic bioprocess‭)‬,‭ ‬Institut Méditerranéen d'Océanographie‭ (‬UMR_D‭ ‬235‭ ‬MIO‭)‬,‭ ‬IRD Marseille
‭* ‬Christian Pétrier,‭ ‬Nicoals Gondrexon‭ ‬(ultrasounds‭) ‬Laboratoire de Rhéologie et Procédés,‭ ‬LRP,‭ ‬Université de Grenoble Alpes
‭* ‬Carlos Alberto Guerrero Fajardo‭ (‬Energetic bioconversion of biomasses‭)‬,‭ ‬Chemisrty Department,‭ ‬Bogota University‭ (‬UNAL Colombie‭)‬.


PhD and Masters Responsable (1993-2016)
8 PhD, 10 Masters

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Rédigé par Jean-Pierre Magnin

mise à jour le 14 mars 2017

anglais
LEPMI
Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (UMR 5279)
Bâtiment Recherche Phelma Campus
1130 rue de La Piscine
Domaine Universitaire - BP 75
38402 Saint Martin d’Hères Cedex

Tel : 04 76 82 65 67
Fax : 04 76 82 67 77
Communauté Université Grenoble Alpes
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