Electrochemical Strain Dynamics in Noble Metal Nanocatalysts

by Raphaël Chattot, Guillaume Braesch, Eric Sibert et Marian Chatenet for LEPMI
The theoretical design of effective metal electrocatalysts for energy conversion and storage devices relies greatly on supposed unilateral effects of catalysts structure on electrocatalyzed reactions. Here, by using high-energy X-ray diffraction from the new Extremely Brilliant Source of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF-EBS) on device-relevant Pd and Pt nanocatalysts during cyclic voltammetry experiments in liquid electrolytes, we reveal the near ubiquitous feedback from various electrochemical processes on nanocatalyst strain. Beyond challenging and extending the current understanding of practical nanocatalysts behavior in electrochemical environment, the reported electrochemical strain provides experimental access to nanocatalysts absorption and adsorption trends (i.e., reactivity and stability descriptors) operando. The ease and power in monitoring such key catalyst properties at new and future beamlines is foreseen to provide a discovery platform toward the study of nanocatalysts encompassing a large variety of applications, from model environments to the device level.

by Raphaël Chattot, Isaac Martens, Marta Mirolo, Michal Ronovsky, Florian Russello, Helena Isern, Guillaume Braesch, Elisabeth Hornberger, Peter Strasser, Eric Sibert, Marian Chatenet, Veijo Honkimäki, and Jakub Drnec

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 17068−17078