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Novel Processing of Composite Cathodes for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells by Exsolution

Mari-Ann Einarsrud est professeur à la Norvegian University of Science and Technology, department of Materials science and Engineering, Trondheim, Norvège. Elle est spécialiste en synthèse et caractérisation de matériaux inorganiques nanostructurés (aérogels de silice, matériaux ferroélastiques, électrodes de SOFC). Depuis 2014, elle co-dirige un groupe d'environ 50 personnes Inorganic Materials and Ceramic Research Group à l'université de Trondheim.

This work focuses on development of new composite cathode materials for BaZrO3-based proton conducting fuel cells by a novel exsolution method. The cathodes were initially prepared via in situ oxidation driven decomposition of a single phase precursor described by the following nominal compositions:

La0.3 Ba0.7 Zr0.4 M0.6 O2.75 + O2 à 0.6La0.5Ba0.5MO3-δ – 0.4BaZrO3

where M is Mn, Fe and/or Co. The single phase precursor (La0.3 Ba0.7 Zr0.4 M0.6 O2.75) was synthesized by a modified Pechini route. The synthesis was optimized by a systematical study of the fuel/oxidant ratio, pH of the solution and thermal treatment in order to obtain an amorphous solid state precursor. The phase composition upon further thermal processing was defined by controlling the oxidation state of cobalt. The precursor was heated at 900 °C in air in order to achieve a composite consisting of a La1-xBaxCoO3-δ–and a BaZrO3-based material. In situ HT-XRD in air enabled to identify the formation mechanisms of the composites. For example the single phase precursor with M=Co formed in reducing atmosphere was exsoluted into the composite “La1-xBaxCoO3-δ - BaZrO3 at ~800 °C. Characterization of the exsoluted composites includes electrical conductivity, microstructure and electrochemical properties by impedance spectroscopy. Electrochemical characterization as cathodes in symmetrical cells shows promising results. A discussion of the electrochemical characterization of the composite materials as a cathode for PCFC will be presented with the focus on the effect of varying M.

Infos date
Séminaire le 8 novembre 2016 à 14h en salle 146.